Islam: what a fall!

The contribution of Muslim Spain to the preservation of classical learning during the Dark Ages in Europe, and to the first flowerings of the Renaissance, has long been recognised. Following the first wave of Arabic interest during the Renaissance of the 12th century, which saw numerous Arabic texts being translated into Latin, there was a ‘second wave’ of interest in the study of Arabic literature, Arabic science and Islamic philosophy in 16th-century France and 17th-century England. Muhammad ibn Al-Wahhab (1703-1792), in Saudi Arabia, entered in the Islamic horizon during 18th century and put the religion within the iron jacket of orthodoxy and intolerance. Rest is history.

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