History of Bangladesh: Ancient Period – Part 2
Gupta Dynasty (c.240-550 CE):
In 321BC, Chandra Gupta Morjo established Gupta dynasty in India. In Northern Bangla Gupta dynasty established in the period of Ashak (269-232 BC). It was in Bogra Mahasthangarh and the Pundra Nagar was the capital of this reign. According to Huen Shang, a Chinese visitor,
not only northern side of Bangla but also the south-east Bangla Samatat, Tamralipi, Kornosuborno (Murshidabad) ware under the Gupta rule. Bengal was an important part under Gupta kingdom. The period of the Imperial Guptas is generally considered to be the golden age of Indian history. The people of this period enjoyed an environment of religious tolerance.
A Chinese visitor, known as Fa-hsien, states that in the east, Tamralipti was the great emporium for trading. Many Gupta coins which were found in Bengal, prove that the economic condition of this region was very strong under the Guptas.
In the first half of the sixth century AD, the invasions of the Hunas broke down the Gupta Empire. Southern and Eastern Bengal shook off the suzerainty of the Guptas and attained importance as an independent kingdom under local rulers. During this time there were two independent state established in Bangla, namely Vanga and Gouda.
List of the rulers of Gupta Empire:
Number Name of the rulers Duration
1 Sri-Gupta I c. 240-290 CE
2 Ghatotkacha 290-305
3 Chandra Gupta I 305-335
4 Samudra Gupta 335-370
5 Rama Gupta 370-375
6 Chandra Gupta II ( Chandragupta Vikramaditya ) 375-415
7 Kumara Gupta I 415-455
8 Skanda Gupta 455-467
9 Kumara Gupta II 467-477
10 Buddha Gupta 477-496
11 Chandra Gupta III 496-500
12 Vainya Gupta 500-515
13 Narasimha Gupta 510-530
14 Kumara Gupta III 530-540
15 Vishnu Gupta c. 540-550 CE
Shashanka was a prestigious ruler of the history of Bangla. He was first recorded independent king of Bangla, reigning from 606. Shashanka spreaded his kingdom and captured Gauda in the begining of the seventh century. Shashanka spreaded his kingdom far away from the geographical boundaries. He is very important king in the history of Bengal (Bangladesh, West-Bengal) because he was the first who tried to establish a north Indian kingdom and defended the Gauda kingdom.
Ancient History of Bangladesh: Part 3