History of Bangladesh – Gupta Dynasty (240-550 CE)

History of Bangladesh: Ancient Period – Part 2

Gupta Dynasty (c.240-550 CE):

In 321BC, Chandra Gupta Morjo established Gupta dynasty in India. In Northern Bangla Gupta dynasty established in the period of Ashak (269-232 BC). It was in Bogra Mahasthangarh and the Pundra Nagar was the capital of this reign. According to Huen Shang, a Chinese visitor,

Kumaradevi and Chandragupta in a coin made by Samudragupta

A Coin - Chandragupta with his wife Kumaradevi

not only northern side of Bangla but also the south-east Bangla Samatat, Tamralipi, Kornosuborno (Murshidabad) ware under the Gupta rule. Bengal was an important part under Gupta kingdom. The period of the Imperial Guptas is generally considered to be the golden age of Indian history. The people of this period enjoyed an environment of religious tolerance.

A Chinese visitor, known as Fa-hsien, states that in the east, Tamralipti was the great emporium for trading. Many Gupta coins which were found in Bengal, prove that the economic condition of this region was very strong under the Guptas.

In the first half of the sixth century AD, the invasions of the Hunas broke down the Gupta Empire. Southern and Eastern Bengal shook off the suzerainty of the Guptas and attained importance as an independent kingdom under local rulers. During this time there were two independent state established in Bangla, namely Vanga and Gouda.

List of the rulers of Gupta Empire:

Number Name of the rulersDuration
1Sri-Gupta I c. 240-290 CE
2Ghatotkacha 290-305
3Chandra Gupta I 305-335
4Samudra Gupta 335-370
5Rama Gupta 370-375
6Chandra Gupta II ( Chandragupta Vikramaditya )375-415
7Kumara Gupta I 415-455
8Skanda Gupta 455-467
9Kumara Gupta II 467-477
10Buddha Gupta 477-496
11Chandra Gupta III 496-500
12Vainya Gupta 500-515
13Narasimha Gupta 510-530
14Kumara Gupta III 530-540
15Vishnu Gupta c. 540-550 CE



Shashanka was a prestigious ruler of the history of Bangla. He was first recorded independent king of Bangla, reigning from 606. Shashanka spreaded his kingdom and captured Gauda in the begining of the seventh century. Shashanka spreaded his kingdom far away from the geographical boundaries. He is very important king in the history of Bengal (Bangladesh, West-Bengal) because he was the first who tried to establish a north Indian kingdom and defended the Gauda kingdom.

Ancient History of Bangladesh: Part 3

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